The Town of Scarborough has a council-manager form of government, one of five forms of municipal government allowed in Maine. The council-manager form is a representative form of government where the voters of the community elect the council.
The council, as a body, performs both the legislative and executive functions of government by adopting policy, controlling the raising and appropriation of funds, levying taxes, contracting of debts, etc. They also are responsible for appointing and supervising the town manager. The manager executes and carries out the governmental and fiscal policies adopted by the council, spends the monies appropriated by the council, has direct responsibility for and supervises all administrative function, and makes most department head and other staff appointments.